Introduction to Musicianship
Introduction to musicianship through in-depth exploration of basic common musical elements and training in aural recognition, sight singing, dictation, and keyboard skills. Focus on topics such as tonal and modal harmony, rhythm, improvisation, composition, notation, and ear training to prepare students for later theory courses, participation in music ensembles, advanced study in music, and professional careers.
Traditional and popular musics from many different countries, with introduction to basic ethnomusicological concepts and development of listening and analytical skills. A: Europe and Americas. B: Africa and Near East. C: Asia
Theory: species counterpoint through fifth species; description of triads and inversions.
Theory: diatonic harmony through secondary dominants and diminished sevenths; modulations to dominant and relative keys; writing of four-part chorales; style composition in baroque dance forms; introduction to figured bass notation.
Theory: chromatic harmony including development of tonality, 1800 to 1850; appropriate analysis and style composition.
Introduction to sociology of music, its principles and basic concepts, and its critical significance for sociomusicological inquiry, including study of popular music, ethnomusicology, and cultural politics of music.
Cross-cultural examination of music in context of social behavior and how musical patterns reflect patterns exhibited in other cultural systems, including economic, political, religious, and social structure.
Introduction to history of field, basic fieldwork and analysis methods, and current issues in research.
How music industry functions and how products are created, marketed, and consumed. Techniques of pure research, basic and theoretical in nature, contrasted with those of applied research, practical and policy-oriented in approach.
Final project for students who, with approval from their faculty advisers, perform one-hour recital or have their compositions performed in one-hour recital. Organization and arrangement of rehearsal schedule with appropriate accompaniment and preparation of program for performance. (Ethnomusicology majors complete either a recital, internship, research project, or individually designed project as a senior capstone.)
Internship in supervised setting in community agency or business. Students meet on regular basis with instructor and provide weekly reports of their experience. (Ethnomusicology majors complete either a recital, internship, research project, or individually designed project as a senior capstone.)
Individual intensive study in ethnomusicology, with scheduled meetings to be arranged between faculty member and student. Tangible evidence of mastery of subject matter resulting in final research project required. (Ethnomusicology majors complete either a recital, internship, research project, or individually designed project as a senior capstone.)
Ethnomusicology majors participate in world music performance ensembles for 12 quarters. Learn more about the performance ensembles.
Supervised individual research or investigation under guidance of faculty mentor. Culminating paper or project required. (Ethnomusicology majors complete either a recital, internship, research project, or individually designed project as a senior capstone.)

Elective Courses

See course details in the UCLA Course Catalog
See course details in the UCLA Course Catalog
See course details in the UCLA Course Catalog
Students may select additional elective courses from other departments and programs within the school of music.
Music Around the World
Overview of world’s musical traditions by selecting one or two case studies from each of nine musical world regions: Pacific, East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Middle East, Africa, Europe, Latin America, and U.S. and Canada.
A: Sociocultural history and survey of African American music covering Africa and its impact on Americas; music of 17th through 19th centuries; minstrelsy and its impact on representation of blacks in film, television, and theater; religious music, including hymns, spirituals, and gospel; black music of Caribbean and Central and South America; and music of black Los Angeles. B: Sociocultural history and survey of African American music covering blues, pre-1947 jazz styles, rhythm ’n’ blues, soul, funk, disco, hip-hop, and symbiotic relationship between recording industry and effects of cultural politics on black popular music productions.
Impact of ethnicity, race, gender, and other social processes on American music in late 20th century; use of and creativity in music to respond to and shape contemporary social processes.
Development of world music or world beat, including its meaning and importance to contemporary culture as well as its history and impact.
Exploration of ways music is mediated to people by industry, technologies, and corporations. Survey of leading theorists of media and exploration of case studies.
Sociocultural history and survey of blues music tradition from its roots in West Africa to its emergence in African American oral culture, with emphasis on philosophical underpinnings and social and political impact of blues and its influence on development of country, jazz, gospel, rhythm and blues, rock, hip-hop music, and other mediums.
Survey of nature, role, and power of music in religious rituals around world, covering music and ritual of Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, as well as religious traditions of Native Americans and syncretic religious practices in Americas such as African American gospel music, Brazilian Candomble, Cuban Santería, and Haitian vodoun.
History and development of South Asian film scores in their filmic context, especially omnipresent songs that most distinctively characterize this genre.
Survey of development of jazz in American culture. Discussion of different compositional/performance techniques and approaches that distinguish different sub-styles of jazz from one another, as well as key historical figures that shaped development of jazz from its early years through modern jazz. Important historical social issues (segregation, Depression, World War II, Civil Rights Movement) that intersect with history of U.S. and jazz music. 50A: Late 19th Century through 1940s. 50B: 1940s to Present
Examination of life and music of J.S. Bach in historical and cultural context of his era through its musical manifestations in present, including changes in performance styles, scholarly studies, reception, and contemporary fan culture.
Survey of popular music in religious traditions since the 1970s. Growth of music in Jewish denominations, including Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative, and Christian contemporary music, from evangelical to cross-over artists performing in mainstream.
Examination of history, present state, and future of audiovisual archives, with specific focus on ethics, copyright, contracts, fieldwork, preservation, and access and issues related to technology, space, budgets, and staffing.
How music industry functions and how products are created, marketed, and consumed. Basic information on production of recordings and legal issues faced by musicians, students, and scholars who use music in their work.
Survey of traditional and contemporary musical culture. A: Mexico, Central America, and Caribbean Isles. B: Latin South America
Sociocultural history of women in jazz and allied musical traditions from 1880s to present. Survey of women vocalists, instrumentalists, composers/arrangers, and producers and their impact on development of jazz.
Music of Duke Ellington, his life, and far-reaching influence of his efforts. Ellington’s music, known as Ellingtonia, is one of largest and perhaps most important bodies of music ever produced in U.S. Covers many contributions of other artists who worked with Ellington, such as composer Billy Strayhorn and musicians Johnny Hodges, Cootie Williams, and Mercer Ellington.
Historical and analytical examination of African American music in California, including history, migration patterns, and urbanism to determine their impact on development of African American music in California.
History of ethnic and art music in Brazil, with some reference to Portuguese antecedents.
Confronting aesthetics from classical perspective of art as intuition, examination on cross-cultural basis of diverse musical contexts within vast multicultural metropolis of Los Angeles, with focus on various musical networks and specific experiences of Chicano/Latino, African American, American Indian, Asian, rock culture, Western art music tradition, and commercial music industry.
Historical and analytical examination of musical expression of Latino peoples who have inhabited present geographical boundaries of U.S.
Survey of history and characteristics of American popular music and its relationship to American culture, with emphasis on 20th-century popular music and its major composers, including comparison between traditional pre-1950 popular music and trends in post-1950 popular music.
Examination of historical and stylistic development of rock from 1950s to present, with attention to its sociocultural and political impact on American society and beyond.
Introduction to development of rap music and hip-hop culture, with emphasis on musical and verbal qualities, philosophical and political ideologies, gender representation, and influences on cinema and popular culture.
A: Survey of traditional, popular, and Western-influenced musics currently widespread in China, including musical analysis of different genres; examination of contexts in which they exist. Investigation of profound effect of Confucian and Communist ideologies on music. B: Introduction to various notational systems. Analysis of representative styles.
Investigation and exploration of musical time and rhythm in 20th- and 21st-century classical, jazz, world, and popular music. Concepts explored include meter, pulse, rhythmic cycles, hemiolas, and polyrhythms.
Aesthetics of jazz from point of view of musicians who shaped jazz as art form in 20th century. Listening to and interacting with professional jazz musicians who answer questions and give musical demonstrations. Analytical resources and historical knowledge of musicians and ethnomusicologists combined with those interested in jazz as cultural tradition.
Survey of historical and stylistic development of musical style referred to today as Latin jazz.
European folk, popular, and classical music as a practice that shapes ideas about national, ethnic, class, and religious identity and as a tool of political domination and resistance.
Introduction to history, tradition, and scope of music of Armenia. Focus on a number of different genres and approaches, and interactions between music and culture, society, and history.
Introduction to music of Africa through general discussion of select topics such as the continent and its peoples, function, musician, instruments, musical structure and related arts, and contemporary music
Through readings, lectures, viewing of films, and analysis of music, students gain greater understanding of diverse musical traditions found on African continent and become more cognizant of contributions that people of Africa have made to world music.
Investigation of historical and cultural backgrounds, main musical styles, relationship between theory and practice and emphasis on mode and improvisation, and 20th- and 21st-century trends in music of Arabic-speaking Near East.
Comparative study of music of Iran and other related areas, including Turkey, with particular reference to their historical and cultural background, sources on music theory and aesthetics, instruments, style, technique of improvisation, and contemporary practice.
Illustrated survey of some regional genres, styles, and musical instruments found in India and Pakistan, with special reference to religious, social, economic, and cultural context of their occurrence.
Examination of melodic, metric, and formal structures of Indian classical music in context of religious, sociocultural, and historical background of the country.
Political imperatives have long had direct and often explicit impact on music sound and context in East Asia. Examination of interaction of ideology and musical practice in medieval Korea and in contemporary Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and China.
Through critical reading of publications by scholars, officials, and culture-bearers involved in intangible cultural heritage policy and practice, examination of history of heritage conservation; concepts of tangible and intangible heritage; pioneering roles of Japan, South Korea, and UNESCO in making intangible cultural heritage focal point of much cultural policy worldwide; tensions among international ideals, nation-state nationalisms, regionalism, ethnicity, and indigeneity in creating intangible cultural heritage policies in different settings; U.S. equivalents to intangible cultural heritage policies and practices in other countries; roles of private individuals, community initiative, and professional organizations in cultural preservation schemes; and related concept of sustainability
Survey of dramatic elements in Chinese operas, incorporating singing, dance, and acrobatics. Emphasis on traditional and modern Peking opera and its relation to Cantonese and other genres.
Survey of Chinese musical instruments and their musical styles, classifications system, specific musical notation, and use in context of Chinese society.
Survey of musics from China’s border regions and neighboring countries: technical musical characteristics and important contextual issues related to traditional and modern styles from Mongolia, Uighurs of Xinjiang, Tibet, Tibeto-Burman peoples, Hmong, and indigenous peoples of Taiwan.
Survey of main genres of Japanese traditional music, including Gagaku, Buddhist chant, Biwa music, Koto music, Shamisen music, and music used in various theatrical forms.
Examination in composition using variety of Western and non-Western musical systems.
Exploration of connections of music, religion, and popular culture among American Jews and Christians.
Historical survey of musical aesthetic thought and practice.
Comprehensive overview of critical approaches to aesthetics in systematic musicology. Exploration of aesthetics and philosophy of music, sociology of music, critical theory, hermeneutics, and music criticism.
Examination of influence of music industry on way music is created, performed, listened to, evaluated, and used today. Historical approach taken, beginning with music published in 18th century and continuing through development of audio recordings to MTV and popular music today.
Designed to assist students with becoming information literate. How to locate, identify, and critically evaluate and use print and electronic information effectively and ethically.
Integration of academic work and hands-on training. Participation in theoretical discussions of world music education and application of these theories in elementary and secondary music and social studies classrooms.
Native North American traditional music and its role in tribal societies. California, Southwest, Pacific Northwest, Northern and Southern Plains, Great Lakes/Eastern Woodlands, and Southeastern culture areas included.
Contemporary Native North American musical expression, including popular styles (folk, country, rock), intertribal Indian musical genres (powwow), syncretic religious music, and traditional/historic Pan-Indian music.

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